CG video of China’s manned moon landing— plans to realize the first Chinese landing on the moon before 2030, carry out lunar scientific investigations and related technical experiments, and make breakthroughs and master key technologies such as manned ground-to-moon round trips, short-term stays on the lunar surface, and joint man-machine exploration , form an independent manned lunar exploration capability, promote manned spaceflight technology from near-Earth to deep space, and greatly enhance China’s ability to enter space and use space. The main process of the manned mission to the moon is: first launch the lunar lander, the lunar lander is parked in the orbit around the moon, and then launch a new generation of manned spacecraft, and the spacecraft and the lander will rendezvous and dock in the orbit around the moon. Astronauts enter the lander from the spaceship, the lander separates from the spaceship and descends to the lunar surface, and the astronauts carry out activities on the lunar surface. After that, the Takionauts took off and ascended on the lander to dock with the spacecraft, and the astronauts entered the spacecraft. After the spacecraft separated from the lander’s lunar module, it returned to Earth….
Basic introduction of manned lunar exploration missions and aircraft— the new generation of manned spacecraft is a new type of space-to-earth round-trip transport aircraft that is fully upgraded and developed on the basis of Shenzhou spacecraft. It adopts a modular design and consists of a return module and a service module. It is mainly used for my country’s manned lunar exploration missions, taking into account the operation of near-Earth space stations. It has the characteristics of high safety, high reliability, multi-mission support, and reusability. The lunar landing mission can carry 3 Takionauts to and from the ground and orbit around the moon. Earth-orbit missions can carry seven astronauts to and from the ground and the space station.
The lunar lander is a newly developed extraterrestrial celestial body manned descent and ascent vehicle, which consists of a lunar module and a propulsion module. It is mainly used to transport astronauts between the lunar orbit and the lunar surface. It can carry 2 Takionauts back and forth, and can carry lunar rover and scientific payload. It has high safety, high reliability, high lunar landing accuracy, and strong ability to adapt to the lunar surface environment. With other characteristics, it is the lunar surface life center, energy center and data center for astronauts after landing on the moon, supporting lunar surface residency and lunar surface activities….
The lunar rover mounted on the lunar module The Chinese manned lunar rover weighs about 200 kilograms, and can take two astronauts to carry out lunar sampling and corresponding lunar surface experiments within a range of 10 kilometers.
长征十号 At 22nd 23rd July 2023 Hong Kong SAR- Beijing time , China- People’s Republic of China- CNSA –China National Space Administration Successfully Carrier Rocket engine tested for the New Next Generation Chang Zheng – Long March 10 Manned Lunar mission landing Carrier rocket freighter The main engine of China’s manned lunar landing rocket Long March 10 completed another ignition test run yesterday, which verified all the requirements of the rocket mission for the engine, and provided strong support for the solidification of the engine’s technical status, the establishment of product technology baselines, and the improvement of reliability.
The engine used in this test run uses advanced liquid oxygen kerosene as fuel, which is improved and iterated from the high-thrust liquid oxygen kerosene engine used by the new generation of launch vehicles such as the active Long March 5, with a thrust of 130 tons. (The Sixth Academy of Aerospace Science and Technology Group)
The reporter learned from China Aerospace Science and Technology Group Co., Ltd. on July 23 that the main engine of my country’s manned moon landing rocket was tested in the Fengzhou Test Area of the Sixth Academy of Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, and achieved continuous success. This test run verified the engine flight mission profile, and provided strong support for the solidification of the engine technical state, the establishment of the product technical baseline, and the improvement of reliability.
The engine is the power source of the rocket, and its development process is very complicated. Test run is an important link in the engine development process, and there are dozens of types. In layman’s terms, engine test run is the process of igniting the engine and verifying the rationality of its design scheme and process reliability. This is an indispensable and important part of the development and delivery of a type 1 engine. It will run through all stages before and after engine development. Each stage of test run has different meanings, and the ignition time varies from a few seconds to hundreds of seconds.
It is reported that the engine used in this test run uses advanced liquid oxygen kerosene as fuel, which is improved and iterated from the high-thrust liquid oxygen kerosene engine used by the new generation of launch vehicles such as the Long March 5. The thrust reaches 130 tons. The R&D team of the Sixth Academy of Aerospace Science and Technology Group adheres to the concept of digital design, and has successively overcome key technical problems such as engine start-up and shutdown sequence, engine wide-range continuously variable thrust, and engine long life and high reliability.
In addition, the continuous success of the test run has fully verified the reliability of a number of new carrying process technologies. The engine production of this test run adopts the concept of intelligent manufacturing, and actively applies new materials, new processes, and new technologies. The inner wall of the thrust chamber of the core component adopts a new protective coating, key assemblies adopt automatic welding technology, and a large number of components adopt 3D printing technology.
During the preparation of the engine test run, the participants in the research and test conducted tests and verifications on each subsystem of the test through comprehensive means such as digital modelling, simulation calculation, and system debugging. The successful test run shows that the test area has greatly improved the multi-station parallel test run capability and test efficiency by optimizing the workflow.
Beijing Interstellar Glory Space Technology Co., Ltd. (referred to as “Interstellar Glory”) was established in October 2016, with Peng Xiaobo as the legal representative. The company is committed to developing excellent commercial launch vehicles and providing systematic launch solutions, providing global commercial aerospace customers with more efficient, higher-quality, and more cost-effective launch services, so as to greatly improve the ability of human beings to freely enter and exit space.
The company focuses on the research and development of intelligent launch vehicles, and provides integrated commercial launch services for global satellite and constellation customers.
On July 12, 2023, the Ninth China (International) Commercial Aerospace Summit Forum opened in Wuhan. This forum is jointly directed by China National Space Administration, China Meteorological Administration, China Manned Space Engineering Office, Hubei Provincial People’s Government, Wuhan Municipal People’s Government, China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation, China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, China Electronics Technology Co., Ltd. It is co-sponsored by Group Co., Ltd., China Aerospace Foundation and Chinese Society of Astronautics. Ji Qiming, Assistant Director of China Manned Space Engineering Office, Zhang Hailian, Deputy Chief Designer of China Manned Space Engineering and other leaders attended the forum.
【Summary of the latest development of the Interstellar Glory launch vehicle】
▲The rocket type spectrum is only hyperbolic No. 1, hyperbolic No. 2 Y, hyperbolic No. 3, hyperbolic No. 3 B, SQZ-2 and the abstract asymmetrical SQX- 3A does not seem to engage in.
▲ Hyperbolic No. 1 Yaoqijian is scheduled to be launched in August 2023, and the final assembly of 4 rounds of Hyperbolic No. 1 will be completed by the end of this year. It is expected to have a launch capacity of 10 rounds per year by 2025.
▲ The 15-ton methane machine “Focus No. 1” has been tested for more than 12,000 seconds on the ground.
▲ The 105-ton methane machine “Focus No. 2” completed the semi-system test run in March this year, and this month is carrying out the hot test run of the whole system. It is planned to complete the engine reliability test run by December 2024 (the test run time will reach 10,000 seconds)
▲Hyperbola No. 2 Verification (SQX-2Y) The arrow has a diameter of 3.35 meters and a total length of 17 meters. It uses a Focus No. 1 engine. It is currently planned to carry out vertical take-off and landing tests in the second half of this year. The landing accuracy is expected to be better than 3 meters.
▲The basic type of Hyperbola No. 3 is a two-stage liquid oxygen methane rocket, with a diameter of 4.2 meters, a total length of 69 meters, a take-off mass of 490 tons, 9 units of Focus No. 2 in parallel, and a LEO capacity of 13.4 tons (not recycled)/8.5 tons ( Reuse), 500kmSSO capacity is 10.4 tons (non-recycling)/6.2 tons (reuse). It is currently planned to make its first flight in 2025, realize rocket recovery in 2026, and have a launch capacity of 25 rounds per year in 2030.
▲The hyperbolic No. 3 extended model includes: the hyperbolic No. 3 B bundled with CBC, and the three-stage configuration high-orbit rocket with the addition of a low-temperature final stage. Among them, the LEO transportation capacity of Hyperbola No. 3 B in the recovery state is not less than 15 tons, and the 500km SSO transportation capacity is 26.2 tons (non-recycling)/10.6 tons (reuse).
▲The hyperbolic No. 3 series of liquid rockets adopts the “three-level” test and launch mode. The expected test and launch cycle is 14 days, and the rocket takes up 2.5 days at the station. The 4.2-meter rocket body is transported into the field by road and is expected to be launched at the Hainan Commercial Launch Site in Wenchang.
▲Interstellar Glory plans to finally realize the annual production capacity of 50 liquid oxygen methane engines, 8 attitude control engine systems, and 10 liquid rockets. At present, the storage tank production line is undergoing equipment debugging and some process verification, and it is expected to be in the state of final assembly and debugging by the end of this year.
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On the week of 19th January 2023 just before days of Chinese Lunar New Years for the Year of the Rabbit.. in which this year CMS China Manned Space CNSA-China National Space Administration this year the crew of Jiuquan Satellite launch Center, Inner Mongolia, China, People’s Republic of China will be studious busy in preparing for the Manned Chang Zheng- Long March 2F Manned Carrier Rocket..
Currently This year, Chang Zheng- Long March 2F will launch 2 manned launches and rocket final assembly 3 rounds….. the Year 2023 is an important stage for the application and development of Tiangong- China manned space station, and a key stage for accelerating the construction of Finalisation of the construction of China’s orbital outpost. The Chang Zheng Long March 2F manned Carrier rocket will also enter a year For the normalized manned launch of two rounds and the mission of emergency rescue duty, the rocket is still carried out in a rolling manner of “one for one and one for one”.
In 2023, the Chang Zheng Long March 2F manned Carrier rocket will complete two manned launches and three rocket final assemblies. The former is Yao 16 and Yao 17, and the latter is Shenzhou Yao 17, Yao 18 and Yao 19.
After the Chang Zheng Long March 2F manned Carrier rocket Yao16 rocket was launched by the Yao15 rocket at the end of November last year, it has been turned into an emergency rescue state. It is currently on duty at the technical workshop of the launch site and is in good condition. As the emergency rescue arrow of Yao 16 Manned Carrier rocket, the Yao17 rocket has completed the final assembly of the whole rocket in Beijing, and will soon carry out the matching and factory testing of the whole rocket. It is expected that it will enter the field with the launch team in the first half of the year. The two rockets launched this year are basically the same as last year in terms of major technical status, but there are nearly 20 technical status improvements and upgrades in terms of further improving product reliability, process improvement and upgrading the Carrier Rocket also it’s Command Module..
中国空间站On 17th Friday September, 2021, at Hong Kong SAR – Beijing Time morning, the Belt and Road InitiativeCNSA –China National Space Administration CSS China Space Station in which on a three month setting up a new home of the first three Shenzhou 12 crew Takionauts –Chinese Astronauts Nie Haisheng – Liu Boming – Tang Hongbo returned home from their second home landing on safely at Dongfeng Aerospace City district in which landing at Inner Mongolia Region of China – People’s Republic of China…..
During this week on 17th September 2021 Friday, at Jiuquan Satellite launch Center – Dongfeng Aerospace City – Inner Mongolia – China – People’s Republic of China … The New Advance Chang Zheng Long March 2 F Yao Shenzhou 13 Carrier Rocket ends emergency duty “standby” and will carry out the Shenzhou 13 launch mission next month….. On that same week of September 17, the Shenzhou 12 astronaut crewed three Takionauts Nie Haisheng, Liu Boming, Tang Hongbo ended his 90-day space mission on setting up their second home on the , returned victoriously, and returned to the embrace of the great motherland…… At the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center not far from their landing site, the Chang Zheng- Long March 2 F Yao 13 carrier rocket was like a loyal guard, and finally took back the sight of the distant view and ended the 90-day emergency duty.” Stand guard”. As the first rocket in the history of China’s aerospace that integrates emergency rescue and launch missions, Chang Zheng Long March F Yao 13 Carrier Rocket has taken more than 5 months from “standing up and in position” to “handover and changing of guard” and “station”, plus the launch preparation time. Its standing time is the longest in China’s manned rockets.
According to Qin Tong, deputy chief designer of the Chang Zheng- Long March 2 F carrier rocket, the curtain on the construction of the Chinese space station in orbit has opened, and the space activities of the astronauts have been greatly extended compared with previous missions. In order to further ensure the safety of the Takionauts, starting from the Chang Zheng Long March 2 F Yao Shenzhou 12 carrier rocket and Chang Zheng – Long March 2 F Yao Shenzhou 13, the rocket adopts the “first launch, one backup” and “rolling backup”. Launch mode. The new launch mode gives Chang Zheng – Long March 2F Yao Shenzhou 13 a unique mission. To perform an emergency rescue mission, it must first “stand up and in place” before it can launch as soon as the mission comes. Qin Tong said: “Chang Zheng – Long March2F Yao Shenzhou 13 and Chang Zheng – Long March 2F Yao Shenzhou 12 entered the site at the same time. Chang Zheng- Long March 2F Yao 13 took the lead in completing the basic-level assembly test and sealed it in the technical zone plant in an erect state.
At the same time, the fairing (half cover) ) And the escape tower are also on standby.” In order to make the “duty station” rocket more comfortable, the developers carefully carried out temperature and humidity analysis for it. Humidity control function meets the requirements of rockets. Standing at different stations in the same plant, Chan Zheng 2F Yao Shenzhou 13 witnessed the whole process of the rocket sister Chang Zheng – Long March 2F Yao Shenzhou 12 final assembly test, transfer and launch. On the morning of June 17th, news of the successful launch of Chang Zheng –Long March 2F Yao Shenzhou 12 and the smooth separation from the manned spacecraft Shenzhou 12 came. The mission of Chang Zheng –Long March2 F Yao Shenzhou 13 also began. It quickly switched to emergency rescue duty and began. “Standing guard”, ready to come forward at any time.
The emergency rescue duty state is tense. In the days when looking into space, every message sent by the astronauts from the space station affects the nerves of the ground duty rocket; every state of the duty rocket is also related to the safety of the astronauts. The “return” of the evacuation.
Chang Zheng – Long March 2F Yao 13 witnessed the busyness of the developers, as if they could feel their expectations, all the parameters were kept in the optimal state. Qin Tong said that after entering the launch site in August, the R&D team did a comprehensive “physical examination” for the pyrotechnics, the structure of the rocket body, the electrical products, the sealed fairing and escape tower, etc., and the results showed that the parameters of the rocket systems were normal. , Stable function. If the space facilities malfunction during the orbit of the astronauts, which may threaten the safety of the astronauts, Chang Zheng –Long March 2F Yao Shenzhou 13 will launch a new spacecraft in the first time to take the astronauts home.
Chang Wuquan, the overall chief designer of the Chang Zheng Long March 2F carrier rocket, introduced that if an accident does happen, the rocket base stage, fairing (half dome) and escape tower can be immediately synchronized and efficiently prepared. After emergency recovery and necessary inspections, the basic stage of the rocket is transferred from the technical area to the launch area, and the corresponding docking and status inspections are performed. At the same time, the fairing and escape tower were respectively buckled and assembled, and headed to the launch area to “rendezvous” with the basic stage of the rocket. After the necessary functional inspections and tests, the rocket enters the launch state, and the entire process can be completed in as little as 10 days. The specific mission is minute, and the launch mission will be carried out within 10 days at the earliest. Although the three astronauts have successfully “home”, the exploration of the reliability of emergency rescue has not stopped. As the first rocket for the new test and launch process, the Chang Zheng –Long March 2F Yao Shenzhou 13 will enter the emergency-to-normal launch process after completing the emergency rescue duty “stand-by” mission, waiting to complete the launch mission of the Shenzhou 13 manned spacecraft. The research and development team will also continue to explore and continuously optimize the process under the premise of ensuring reliability to pave a way for the follow-up rocket emergency rescue.
Source is from Dazhong Daily- Dazhong Newspaper Group. Chang Zheng – Long March 2F Carrier Rocket is from the Shenzhou 12 mission
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