#CNSA #ChinaNationalSpaceAdministration #国家航天局 | #November2023 |#清華大學 #TsinghuaUniversity – China’s Lunar Manned Mission Lunar Rover Development Program Design inspired by China’s Intangible Chinese Cultural Heritage from the Qin Dynasty.   

During this month November 2023 the development of the China, People’s Republic of China, CNSA- China’s National Space Administration Lunar Manned Program in which to established a Chinese lunar Manned Mission due by 2030 least .. in which The preliminary results of China, People’s Republic of China’s manned lunar rover development program were announced. The program “Wangshu Zhichao” led by Tsinghua University was selected, focusing on innovative design and single advantageous technologies for in-depth research.

The bronze chariots and horses of the Terracotta Warriors from Qin Shihuang’s Mausoleum provided inspiration for the design team. The design team developed the man-machine intelligent hybrid enhanced driving technology of the manned lunar rover, which realizes three modes of manual driving, autonomous driving and human-machine hybrid driving. The angle of the vehicle body is adjustable and it can creep when necessary….

The preliminary results of my China, People’s Republic of China’s manned lunar rover development program were announced, and the program “Wangshu Zhichao” led by Tsinghua University was selected.

Tsinghua University’s four-wheel vehicle design plan

: Tsinghua University’s design plan for a four-wheel vehicle with adjustable body angle and creeping ability

: The bronze chariots and horses unearthed from Qin Shi Huang’s Terracotta Warriors provided inspiration for the design team

Design Plan of “Wangshu Chariot”

Key design elements of “Wangshu Chariot”​​​

清華大學 Tsinghua University  is located 30 Shuangqing Rd, 蓝旗营 Haidian District, Beijing, China, 100190, China, People’s Republic of China .

Images and visuals are from their respectives also  CNSA- China’s National Space Administration

#CNSA #ChinaNationalSpaceAdministration #国家航天局 |#BRI #October2023 | #嫦娥五号#CLEP the #Moon #Change5 Team won the highest team honour of the International Academy of Astronautics….  On China’s National Day..

More than One year ago on 24th November 2020, the Chang Zheng – Long March Five Carrier Rocket Launched away  in CNSA – China National Space Administration China Wenchang spaceport launch, Change Five  Lunar probe into orbit, opened up towards China – People’s Republic of China’s first celestial bodies sample return trip from Mons Rumker on the Lunar Surface of the moon New research achievements – Chinese scientists reveal the composition of lunar soil minerals and space wind at the landing site of Chang’e 5

Chang’e-5 team On October 1st 2023 on China’s  National Day of the Founding of People’s Republic of China….  During the 74th International Astronautical Congress (IAC) opened in Baku, Azerbaijan. Scientists such as Schumacher, President of the International Academy of Astronautics, awarded the “Chang’e-5 team” to the Chinese Chang’e-5 team. Lawrence Team Award”. Chang’e-5 chief designer Hu Hao and others attended the award ceremony as team representatives and announced that Chang’e-5 lunar scientific research samples will soon be open to international applications. Scientists from all countries are welcome to jointly research and share results.

Chang’e-5 was China’s first unmanned lunar sample return mission. It was China’s most complex aerospace system project with the largest technical span at that time. It made breakthroughs in lunar surface sampling, lunar surface take-off and ascent, lunar orbit rendezvous and docking, sample transfer, and jump-type missions. Using key technologies such as re-entry and return, after an interlocking flight process, it brought back 1,731 grams of lunar samples, becoming the world’s largest unmanned lunar sampling mission with the largest single sampling volume. The Chang’e-5 mission is a vivid practice for my country to achieve high-level scientific and technological self-reliance. It has laid the foundation for subsequent unmanned lunar scientific research stations and manned lunar landings. It is another important milestone in my country’s aerospace development.

The “Lawrence Team Award” was established in 2001. It is one of the two major awards issued annually by the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA). It is the highest team honor of the International Academy of Astronautics and aims to recognize aerospace project teams that have made outstanding achievements in the field of aerospace. Chang’e-5’s outstanding achievements in technological innovation, scientific discovery, and international cooperation have won high recognition from international peers.

Imagines and visuals are from their respectives CNSA China Space Administration CLEP China Lunar Exploration project management office

#CNSA #ChinaNationalSpaceAdministration #国家航天局 |#BRI #August2023 |#ChinaMannedLunarMission #ChangZheng10 #LongMarch10 #CarrierRocket CGI video of China’s manned moon landing before year 2030..

CG video of China’s manned moon landing— plans to realize the first Chinese landing on the moon before 2030, carry out lunar scientific investigations and related technical experiments, and make breakthroughs and master key technologies such as manned ground-to-moon round trips, short-term stays on the lunar surface, and joint man-machine exploration , form an independent manned lunar exploration capability, promote manned spaceflight technology from near-Earth to deep space, and greatly enhance China’s ability to enter space and use space. The main process of the manned mission to the moon is: first launch the lunar lander, the lunar lander is parked in the orbit around the moon, and then launch a new generation of manned spacecraft, and the spacecraft and the lander will rendezvous and dock in the orbit around the moon. Astronauts enter the lander from the spaceship, the lander separates from the spaceship and descends to the lunar surface, and the astronauts carry out activities on the lunar surface. After that, the Takionauts took off and ascended on the lander to dock with the spacecraft, and the astronauts entered the spacecraft. After the spacecraft separated from the lander’s lunar module, it returned to Earth….

Basic introduction of manned lunar exploration missions and aircraft—
the new generation of manned spacecraft is a new type of space-to-earth round-trip transport aircraft that is fully upgraded and developed on the basis of Shenzhou spacecraft. It adopts a modular design and consists of a return module and a service module. It is mainly used for my country’s manned lunar exploration missions, taking into account the operation of near-Earth space stations. It has the characteristics of high safety, high reliability, multi-mission support, and reusability. The lunar landing mission can carry 3 Takionauts to and from the ground and orbit around the moon. Earth-orbit missions can carry seven astronauts to and from the ground and the space station.

The lunar lander is a newly developed extraterrestrial celestial body manned descent and ascent vehicle, which consists of a lunar module and a propulsion module. It is mainly used to transport astronauts between the lunar orbit and the lunar surface. It can carry 2 Takionauts back and forth, and can carry lunar rover and scientific payload. It has high safety, high reliability, high lunar landing accuracy, and strong ability to adapt to the lunar surface environment. With other characteristics, it is the lunar surface life center, energy center and data center for astronauts after landing on the moon, supporting lunar surface residency and lunar surface activities….

The lunar rover mounted on the lunar module
The Chinese manned lunar rover weighs about 200 kilograms, and can take two astronauts to carry out lunar sampling and corresponding lunar surface experiments within a range of 10 kilometers.

Images and visuals are from their Respectives CMS China Manned SpaceCNSA-China National Space Administration

#CNSA #ChinaNationalSpaceAdministration #国家航天局 |#BRI #May2023 || #酒泉卫星发射中心#JiuquanSatelliteLaunchCenter  #天宫#Tiangong #ChinaSpaceStation #神舟十六号 #Shenzhou16 #Takionaut  Crew Also with #Moon #MannedLunarlanding by 2030 announcement …  

On today on the 29TH May 2023 in according to the  CMS China Manned SpaceCNSA-China National Space Administration  China Manned Space Engineering Office At 11:00 on May 29, 2023, Beijing time, the three astronauts will meet with Chinese and foreign media reporters at the Wentian Pavilion of the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center……  Official announcement! According to the research and decision of the Space Station Application and Development Stage Flight Mission Headquarters, the Shenzhou 16 astronaut crew consists of command commander Jing Haipeng, spaceflight engineer Zhu Yangzhu, payload expert Gui The tide is composed of 3 astronauts. This is the first time that my country’s third group of astronauts has performed a flight mission, and it is also the “first show” of the “new members” of my country’s astronaut team – aerospace flight engineers and payload experts. Tomorrow, a brand-new crew composed of three types of astronauts will go to space to perform the first manned mission in the application and development phase of the space station. The Shenzhou-16 crewed spaceship is scheduled to be launched at 9:31 a.m. Tuesday 30th May 2023 Beijing Time from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China, Inner Mongolia, China, People’s Republic of China.  in which they will join with the Shenzhou 15 Crew together record breaking of six months. .

On the Same time during the Shenzhou 16 Takionaut Crew announcement it is also announcement of the China, People’s Republic of China’s CNSA-CMS China National Space Administration –China Manned Space Program of the Manned Lunar Landing within seven years of Year 2030 or least.. the scheduled for a manned landing was discussion previously but with a conclusion using the Next Generation长征十号 Chang Zheng- Long March 10F Manned Freighter Carrier Rocket Developed by China Academy of launch Vehicles with a landing vehicle module …  

During the Shenzhou 16 Chang Zheng –Long March 2F Carrier Rocket announcement With the help of the Dongfeng of the Shenzhou 16 mission, at the press conference of the manned flight mission, China’s manned mission to the moon was officially announced: China’s manned mission to the moon has been…. launched, and the goal is to complete the mission by 2030. The Chinese Takionauts sent it to the surface of the moon. Specifically, it includes carrying out lunar scientific investigations and related technical experiments, making breakthroughs and mastering key technologies such as manned ground-to-moon round trips, short-term mainstream human-machine joint exploration of the lunar surface, and completing multiple tasks such as “landing, patrolling, mining, research, and returning” to form an independent Manned lunar exploration capability …..Lin Xiqiang, deputy director of the CMSA China Manned Space Agency (CMSA), said at the conference that China has recently initiated the lunar landing phase of its manned lunar exploration program.

At present, the China Manned Space Engineering Office has fully deployed and carried out various research and construction work, including the development of a new generation of manned launch vehicles (Long March 10), a new generation of manned spacecraft, lunar landers, lunar landing suits and other flight products, New launch sites related to test launch facilities and equipment,

The overall goal is to achieve China’s first manned landing on the moon by 2030 and carry out lunar scientific exploration and related technological experiments, he added.

According to Lin, the goal also includes mastering the key technologies such as Earth-moon manned roundtrip, lunar surface short-term stay, human-robot joint exploration, accomplishing multiple tasks of landing, roving, sampling, researching and returning, and forming an independent capability of manned lunar exploration.

Images and visuals are from their Respectives CMS China Manned SpaceCNSA-China National Space Administration

#AlreadyTomorrowInHongKong #香港| #香港太空館 #HongKongSpaceMuseum #April2023|#HKSpMActivity – The live webcast streaming of Partial #SolarEclipse 20th April 2023

A partial solar eclipse will occur in Hong Kong SAR, China, People’s Republic of China on 20 April 2023 Hong  Kong SAR- Beijing Time , the eclipse magnitude is just about 0.03. The eclipse will not noticeably weaken the sunlight at that time. As the eclipse magnitude is small, observers may need a telescope to observe this solar eclipse. A specialised solar filter or an indirect way such as the projection method is essential for solar observation. Inadequate ways to observe the Sun may result in severe ocular burns…… Also the eclipse magnitude is just about 0.03. The eclipse will not noticeably weaken the sunlight at that time. As the eclipse magnitude is small, observers may need a telescope to observe this solar eclipse. A specialised solar filter or an indirect way such as the projection method is essential for solar observation. Inadequate ways to observe the Sun may result in severe ocular burns. The general public may also check the online platforms of the Hong Kong Space Museum to watch the live image of the solar eclipse on that day. The next partial solar eclipse in Hong Kong will occur on 22 July 2028, whose magnitude will even be smaller than that of this one.

Partial eclipse begins: the instant when the Moon’s limb contacts the Sun’s limb.

Greatest eclipse: the instant when the apparent centers of the Moon and the Sun are at the smallest separation. The eclipse magnitude reaches its maximum at this time.

Partial eclipse ends: the instant when the Moon’s limb leaves the Sun’s limb completely.

Eclipse magnitude: reflects how deep the Moon eclipses the Sun. The larger the magnitude is, the larger proportion of the Sun is covered.

PlacesPartial eclipse beginsGreatest eclipsePartial eclipse endsEclipse Magnitude
Tin Shui Wai Park12:37:0912:55:0613:13:090.02
HK International Airport12:35:5412:54:4713:13:450.022
Tai Po Waterfront Park12:35:5412:55:2413:14:580.024
Tsuen Wan Park12:35:2212:55:0913:15:010.025
Sha Tin Park12:35:0212:55:1913:16:380.026
Avenue of Stars, Tsim Sha Tsui12:34:1212:55:0913:16:100.028
Statue Square, Central12:34:0912:55:0713:16:080.028
Victoria Park12:34:0012:55:1013:16:230.028
Tseung Kwan O Waterfront Park12:33:4812:55:1913:16:520.029
Heng Fa Chuen Promenade12:33:4012:55:1513:16:530.029
Siu Sai Wan Promenade12:33:2812:55:1513:17:050.030
Stanley Main Beach12:33:1312:55:0713:17:040.030
Shek O Beach12:33:0612:55:1113:17:200.031

The eclipse this time is a hybrid solar eclipse. In addition to the partial solar eclipse, there are some places on Earth where a total solar eclipse or annular solar eclipse can be observed. The central point of the eclipse is located at the South of the equator. The eclipse magnitude is larger when the observer is closer to the central point. In Hong Kong, the partial solar eclipse will begin around noon. It can be observed from many districts. However, the eclipse magnitude and duration will be slightly larger in the southeastern region. Interested observers may first consider places at Kowloon East or the eastern part of Hong Kong Island.

The partial solar eclipse begins at 12:34 pm, where the Sun is located at about 79 degrees above the southwest horizon at that time. The entire eclipse will end at 1:16 pm.

StageTime (HKT)Altitude (degrees)Azimuth (degrees)
Partial eclipse begins12:3479195
Greatest eclipse12:5577217
Partial eclipse ends13:1673232


Date: 20.4.2023 (Thursday) Time: 12:30 – 1:20 pm

日食詳細資料 Information of the Solar Eclipse

12.34 pm 初虧 Partial eclipse begins

12.55 pm 食甚 greatest eclipse

1.16 pm 復圓 Partial eclipse ends

香港於2023年4月20日會發生一次日偏食,但食分只有約0.03,屆時本港日光將不會明顯減弱。由於食分較少,觀測者可能需要使用望遠鏡才觀測到是次日食。在觀測太陽時,必需配備專門的太陽濾光設備,或透過投影法間接觀看。不當的觀測方法將有機會導致眼睛嚴重灼傷。

日偏食由中午12時34分開始,當時太陽處於離西南面地平線約79度的位置,至下午1時16分結束。歡迎大家欣賞此天文現象並即場留言討論

日期:2023年4月20日(星期四)

時間:中午12:30–下午1:20

Located in the Heart of Hong Kong central of Victoria Harbour in which locate looking at the iconic Megatroplis HongKong Island city landscape from the opposite is the Hong Kong Space Museum  香港太空館 in which located at 10 Salisbury Road, Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China –People’s Republic of China..  in which is one of the most international iconic buildings architecturally due to its hemispheric round dome in which is iconic known as one of Hong Kong’s local most cherish bread pastries the Pineapple Bun – Bolo Bao due to the pineapple ceramic texturing tiles of the dome structure that resembles the delicious texturing of the Pineapple Bun .. In which on In June 2014, the Hong Kong Government listed the pineapple bun as a part of Hong Kong’s intangible cultural heritage. … Despite the name, it does not traditionally contain pineapple; rather, the name refers to the look of the characteristic topping (which resembles the texture of a pineapple)……

Images and visuals are from the Hong Kong Space Museum –香港太空館 Hong Kong Space Museum –- 10 Salisbury Road, Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR- China- People’s Republic of China …..